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中国古建筑的组成部分包括哪些?

来源:洛阳八达仿古砖厂  发表时间:2014/12/30 10:48:29  点击次数:【2569】


  ZHONGGUOGUJIANZHUJIBENZUCHENGJIEGOU

 

  (一)台基

  YICHENGJIZUO。XIGAOCHUDIMIANDEJIANZHUWUDIZUO。YONGYICHENGTUOJIANZHUWU,BINGSHIQIFANGCHAO、FANGFU,TONGSHIKEMIBUZHONGGUOGUJIANZHUDANTIJIANZHUBUSHENGAODAXIONGWEIDEQIANQUE。DAZHIYOUSIZHONG。

  1、PUTONGTAIJI

  YONGSUSHANGHUOHUITUHUOSUIZHUANSANHETUHANGZHUERCHENG,YUEGAOYICHI,CHANGYONGYUXIAOSHIJIANZHU。

  2、JIAOGAOJITAIJI

  JIAOPUTONGTAIJIGAO,CHANGZAITAIJISHANGBIANJIANHANBAIYULANGAN,YONGYUDASHIJIANZHUHUOGONGDIANJIANZHUZHONGDECIYAOJIANZHU。

nba买球   3、GENGGAOJITAIJI

nba买球   JIXUMIZUO,YOUMINGJINGANGZUO。“XUMI”SHIGUYINDUSHENHUAZHONGDESHANMING,XIANGCHUANWEIYUSHIJIEZHONGXIN,XIYUZHOUJIANZUIGAODESHAN,RIYUEXINGCHENCHUMEIQIJIAN,SANJIEZHUTIANYEYIBANGTACENGCENGJIANLI。XUMIZUOYONGZUOFOXIANGHUOSHENKANDETAIJI,YONGYIXIANSHIFODECHONGGAOWEIDA。ZHONGGUOGUJIANZHUCAIYONGXUMIZUOBIAOSHIJIANZHUDEJIBIE。YIBANYONGZHUANHUOSHIQICHENG,SHANGYOUAOTUXIANJIAOHEWENSHI,TAISHANGJIANYOUHANBAIYULANGAN,CHANGYONGYUGONGDIANHEZHUMINGSIYUANZHONGDEZHUYAODIANTANGJIANZHU。

nba买球   4、ZUIGAOJITAIJI

  YOUJIGEXUMIZUOXIANGDIEERCHENG,CONGERSHIJIANZHUWUXIANDEGENGWEIHONGWEIGAODA,CHANGYONGYUZUIGAOJIJIANZHU,RUGUGONGSANDADIANHESHANDONGQUFUKONGMIAODACHENGDIAN,JISONGLIZAIZUIGAOJITAIJISHANG。

  (二)木头圆柱

  CHANGYONGSONGMUHUONANMUZHICHENGDEYUANZHUXINGMUTOU。ZHIYUSHITOU(YOUSHISHITONGQI)WEIDIDETAISHANG。DUOGENMUTOUYUANZHU,YONGYUZHICHENGWUMIANLINTIAO,XINGCHENGLIANGJIA。

  (三)开间

nba买球   SIGENMUTOUYUANZHUWEICHENGDEKONGJIANCHENGWEI“JIAN”。JIANZHUDEYINGMIANJIANSHUCHENGWEI“KAIJIAN”,HUOCHENG“MIANKUO”。JIANZHUDEZONGSHENJIANSHUCHENG“JINSHEN”。ZHONGGUOGUDAIYIQISHUWEIJIXIANGSHUZI,SUOYIPINGMIANZUHEZHONGJUEDADUOSHUDEKAIJIANWEIDANSHU;ERQIEKAIJIANYUEDUO,DENGJIYUEGAO。BEIJINGGUGONGTAIHEDIAN,BEIJINGTAIMIAODADIANKAIJIANWEISHIYIJIAN。

  (四)大梁(即横梁)

  JIAYUMUTOUYUANZHUSHANGDEYIGENZUIZHUYAODEMUTOU,YIXINGCHENGWUJI。CHANGYONGSONGMU、YUMUHUOSHANMUZHICHENG。SHIZHONGGUOCHUANTONGMUJIEGOUJIANZHUZHONGGUJIADEZHUJIANZHIYI。

  (五)斗拱

nba买球   SHIZHONGGUOGUDAIJIANZHUDUTEDEGOUJIAN。FANGXINGMUKUAIJIAODOU,GONGXINGDUANMUJIAOGONG,XIEZHIZHANGMUJIAOANG,ZONGCHENGDOUGONG。YIBANZHIYUZHUTOUHEEFANG(YOUCHENGLANTOU,SUCHENGKANFANG,WEIYULIANGYANZHUZHIJIAN,YONGYUCHENGTUODOUGONG)、WUMIANZHIJIAN,YONGLAIZHICHENGHEZAILIANGJIA、TIAOCHUWUYAN,JIANJUZHUANGSHIZUOYONG。YOUDOUXINGMUKUAI、GONGXINGDUANMU、XIEZHIZHANGMUZUCHENG,ZONGHENGJIAOCUOCENGDIE,ZHUCENGXIANGWAITIAOCHU,XINGCHENGLIDAXIAXIAODETUOZUO。

  (六)彩画

  YUANSHIWEIMUJIEGOUFANGCHAO、FANGFU、FANGZHU,HOULAICAITUCHUQIZHUANGSHIXING,SONGDAIYIHOUCAIHUAYICHENGWEIGONGDIANBUKEQUESHAODEZHUANGSHIYISHU。KEFENWEISANGEDENGJI。

  1、HEXICAIHUA

  SHIDENGJIZUIGAODECAIHUA。QIZHUYAOTEDIANSHI:ZHONGJIANDEHUAMIANYOUGEZHONGBUTONGDELONGHUOFENGDETUANZUCHENG,JIANBUYIHUAHUITUAN;HUAMIANLIANGBIANYONG《》KUANGZHU,BINGQIELIFENTIEJIN,JINBIHUIHUANG,SHIFENZHUANGLI。

nba买球   2、XUANZICAIHUA

  DENGJICIYUHEXICAIHUA。HUAMIANYONGJIANHUAXINGSHIDEWOJUANBANXUANHUA,YOUSHIYEKEHUALONGFENG,LIANGBIANYONG《》KUANGQI,KEYITIEJINFEN,YEKEYIBUTIEJINFEN。YIBANYONGCIYAOGONGDIANHUOSIMIAOZHONG。

nba买球   3、SUSHICAIHUA

  DENGJIDIYUQIANLIANGZHONG。HUAMIANWEISHANSHUI、RENWUGUSHI、HUANIAOYUCHONGDENG,LIANGBIANYONG《》HUO()KUANGQI。“()”BEIJIANZHUJIAMENCHENGZUO“BAOFU”,SUSHICAIHUA,BIANSHICONGJIANGNANDEBAOFUCAIHUAYANBIANERLAIDE。

  (七)屋顶(古称屋盖)

nba买球   ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWUDINGYOUYIXIAQIZHONG,QIZHONGYIZHONGYANWUDIANDING、ZHONGYANXIESHANDINGWEIJIBIEZUIGAO,QICIWEIDANYANWUDIAN、DANYANXIESHANDING。

nba买球   1、WUDIANDING

nba买球   SIMIANXIEPO,YOUYITIAOZHENGJIHESITIAOXIEJI,WUMIANSHAOYOUHUDU,YOUCHENGSIADING。

  2、XIESHANDING

nba买球   SHIWUDIANDINGHEYINGSHANDINGDEJIEHE,JISIMIANXIEPODEWUMIANSHANGBUZHUANZHECHENGCHUIZHIDESANJIAOXINGQIANGMIAN。YOUYITIAOZHENGJI、SITIAOCHUIJI,SITIAOYIJIZUCHENG,SUOYIYOUCHENGJIUJIDING。

  3、XUANSHANDING

  WUMIANSHUANGPO,LIANGCESHENCHUSHANQIANGZHIWAI。WUMIANSHANGYOUYITIAOZHENGJIHESITIAOCHUIJI,YOUCHENGTIAOSHANDING。

nba买球   4、YINGSHANDING

  WUMIANSHUANGPO,LIANGCESHANQIANGTONGWUMIANQIPING,HUOLVEGAOYUWUMIAN。

  5、ZANJIANDING

nba买球   PINGMIANWEIYUANXINGHUODUOBIANXING,SHANGWEIZHUIXINGDEWUDING,MEIYOUZHENGJI,YOURUOGANWUJIJIAOYUSHANGDUAN。YIBANTING、GE、TACHANGYONGCISHIWUDING。

nba买球   6、JUANPENGDING

  WUMIANSHUANGPO,MEIYOUMINGXIANDEZHENGJI,JIQIANHOUPOXIANGJIECHUBUYONGJIERQICHENGHUXINGQUMIAN。

  (八)山墙

  JIFANGZILIANGCESHANGBUCHENGSHANJIANXINGDEQIANGMIAN。CHANGJIANDESHANQIANGHAIYOUFENGHUOSHANQIANG,QITEDIANSHILIANGCESHANQIANGGAOCHUWUMIAN,SUIWUDINGDEXIEPOMIANERCHENGJIETIXING。

  (九)藻井

nba买球   ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGJIANZHUZHONGTIANHUABANSHANGDEYIZHONGZHUANGSHI。MINGWEI“ZAOJING”,HANYOUWUXINGYISHUIKEHUO,YUFANGHUOZAIZHIYI。YIBANDOUZAISIMIAOFOZUOSHANGHUOGONGDIANDEBAOZUOSHANGFANG。SHIPINGDINGDEAOJINBUFEN,YOUFANGGEXING、LIUJIAOXING、BAJIAOXINGHUOYUANXING,SHANGYOUDIAOKEHUOCAIHUI,CHANGJIANDEYOU“SHUANGLONGXIZHU”。HENANFANGGUZHUAN

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